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EXAMPLES OF IMPORTANT HEALTH DISPARITIES FOR HISPANICS: National Stats from the CDC

Private health insurance coverage among persons under age 65 was only 41.7% for Hispanics/Latinos in 2007, compared to 76.2% for non-Hispanic whites and 66.8% for the total population.

Among Hispanic/Latino subgroups, Mexicans were least likely to be insured (37.9%), while Cubans were most likely to be insured (64.8%).3

Hispanic/Latina women were more than 2.3 times as likely to have late or no prenatal care (12.2%) than non-Hispanic white women (5.3%) in 2006.4

From 2000-2004, Hispanic/Latina women had the highest incidence rate for cancers of the cervix; 1.6 times higher than that for white women (Hispanic/Latinas: 13.8 per 100,000 women; Whites: 8.5).  During the same period of time, Hispanics/Latinas also had a cervical cancer death rate that was 1.4 times higher than for white women (Hispanics/Latinas: 3.3 per 100,000 deaths; Whites: 2.3).5

In 2006, the HIV/AIDS death rate was 2.5 times higher for Hispanic/Latino males (7.0 per 100,000 population) than for non-Hispanic white males (2.8), and more than 3 times higher for Hispanic/Latina females (1.9) than for non-Hispanic white females (0.6).6

 

In 1999 the death rate for HIV was 32.7 per 100,000 for Puerto Ricans living on the mainland of the United States, higher than any other racial or ethnic group, more than six times the national average (5.4 per 100,000) and more than 13 times the rate for non-Hispanic whites (2.4).7

In 2007, influenza vaccination coverage among adults 18 years of age and older was 51.3% for non-Hispanic whites and 35.5% for Hispanics/Latinos. 8  In 2007, the gap for pneumococcal vaccination coverage among adults was even wider, with 62.2% for non-Hispanic whites and 31.8% for Hispanics/Latinos.9

In 2006, the diabetes death rate for Hispanics/Latinos (29.9 per 100,000 population) was almost 1.5 times higher than for non-Hispanic whites (20.4).10   Among Hispanics/Latinos, the diabetes death rate in 2000 was highest among Puerto Ricans (172), followed by the rates for Mexican Americans (122), and Cuban Americans (47).7

In 2005, Puerto Ricans (17.0) had a current asthma prevalence rate over 2.2 times higher than non-Hispanic white people (7.6) and over 1.8 times higher than non-Hispanic black people (9.4). Puerto Ricans also had the highest rate of lifetime asthma (22.0), while Mexicans had the lowest (7.3). Puerto Ricans were twice as likely to have ever been diagnosed with asthma than non-Hispanic white people (11.3). 11

In men ages 20-74 years, Mexican Americans had a higher prevalence of overweight (77.3%) and obesity (30.4%) from 2003-2006 than non-Hispanic white men (71.8% overweight; 33.0% obese) or non-Hispanic black men (71.6% overweight; 36.3% obese).12

More than 11 million people reside along the U.S.-Mexico border.  The U.S. border region contains six of eleven* of the poorest U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA).  Large population movement, limited public health infrastructure and poor environmental conditions contribute to increased risk for infectious diseases in the border region.13

 

In 2000, the rate of tuberculosis (TB) was 1.7 times higher along the U.S. side of the border (10.0 per 100,000) than in the entire U.S. (6.0).14

 

In 2000, the rate of Hepatitis A was 2.2 times higher along the U.S. side of the border (11.0 per 100,000) than in the entire U.S. (4.9).14

 

In 2000, the rate of Hepatitis B was 2.2 times higher along the U.S. side of the border (6.3 per 100,000) than in the entire U.S. (2.9).14

via OMHD Highlight|H/L Heritage Month.

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Filed under: Health Literacy, Health Policy, Healthcare Reform, Latinos, Public Policy

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